In a decision by the National Assembly of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (July 1946) Hanoi officially became the capital of Vietnam.

Lying on either side of the Red River, the populated areas of Hanoi are linked by three main bridges: Long Bien (which is designed by Gustave Eiffel), Chuong Duong and Thang Long. The Red River flows through Hanoi for over 93km and has many wharves and landings allowing transport by water between the capital and neighbouring provinces. Hanoi has many tranquil and fresh natural lakes which add to its beauty. These included Hoan Kiem Lake, West Lake, Truc Bach Lake, Thuyen Quang Lake…

Van Mieu (Temple of Literature)

This was built in 1070 in the reign of king Ly Thanh Tong for the worship of Zhou Kung and Confucius – the two founders of Confucianism and the education of princes. Six years later, the first university of Vietnam was founded in 1076 at Van Mieu, under the name of Quoc Tu Giam, where not only the children of the royal family and mandarins but also the talented children of ordinary people could come to study sit for examinations. The Temple of Literature is also of the highlights in Hanoi with thousands of visitors a day.

Hoan Kiem Lake (Restored Sword Lake)

The Hoan Kiem Lake is lying at the heart of Hanoi and covers an area of 12 hectares. Near the middle of the lake, toward the southwest, stands Tortoise tower, so called because tortoises living in the lake often come here to sun-bathe. In the north – eastern part of the lake is an islet on which stands the Ngoc Son (Jade Hill) Temple, built in the early 19th century. Ngoc Son Temple is linked to the shore by the wooden The Huc (Sun Beam) bridge, so called because it is struck by the rays of the morning sun.

Ho Chi Minh’s Mausoleum Complex

This architectural structure honoring the late President is appropriately located at the center of Ba Dinh square on the spot where Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence in 1945. The former president’s body is laid to rest inside in a dimly lit room.

The Old Quarters

In the past when speaking of Hanoi, people were referring to its 36 streets and guilds with names such as Hang Luoc (Comb Street), Hang Thiec (Tin Street), Hang Manh (Curtains Street), Hang Bac (Silver Street), Hang Dao (Silk Street)… These evoke memories of Hanoi’s time-honored tradition of handicrafts which continues today.

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